We have already acknowledged the purpose of Tajweed. Also why it is necessary to maintain those rules during recitation of the Holy Quran. Now we must concentrate further on emission or articulation points for the accurate pronunciation of Arabic letters.
The following information will describe how the side of the tongue is used for specific alphabets.
Basically, five main parts of the body are used as articulation areas. These include the nose, lips, tongue, throat and mouth. Of these areas, the tongue has the highest number of articulation points, ten to be exact. These ten points help in sounding out 18 different letters of the alphabet. The letters are:
Tajweed Rule of Articulation point side of the tongue.
It is used for the articulation of two particular letters; and . We will discuss the attributes of each letter separately.
From either sides of the tongue, the molars and gums next to the molars are used for the articulation of this letter. This includes the posterior two-thirds of the tongue’s sides. The letter may be pronounced from either one of the sides or both (right and left of the tongue). While pronouncing this letter, the deep part of the tongue is raised. This is because has heaviness and compression of sound.
Although practice, patience and prayer are the keys to perfect recitation, certain mistakes are quite common. If pronounced incorrectly, the letter could sound like a . This occurs in two cases: if the tip of the tongue is used in lieu of the sides or if the middle part of the tongue and roof of the mouth are used.
One third of the anterior two sides of the tongue are used in the articulation of the letter . Its articulation is an upward movement in the shape of an arc. The tip of the tongue should end up meeting with the gums of the top pair of incisors, lateral incisors, canines and premolars. However, the top of the tongue should not touch this gum area.
Common mistakes that occur while pronouncing this letter include: using only the tip of the tongue and not the sides and using the underside along with the front teeth plates. As a result, the sound produced is more like a noon or close to the English letter “L”, respectively.
About Tajweed has all the information you need regarding tajweed rules and Arabic pronunciation. Whoever has the ambition to learn Qur’an can easily grasp all the concepts of tajweed from our online website. We have detailed pages that explain the principles behind articulation points of Arabic letters. You can also submit relevant questions that will be reviewed and answered by our expert tutors.
For more information on articulation areas and points, you may read the following Articles:
Articulation Points of Teeth
Articulation Points The Tip of the Tongue-Part 1